Contributor: Hans Michelmann

A Global Dialogue on Federalism, Volume 5: Foreign Relations in Federal Countries

Foreign policy has traditionally been the responsibility of central governments. In countries with a unitary system of government this state of affairs is relatively unproblematic since most powers accrue to, and most public policy is conducted at, the national level. In federal countries, however, constitutional powers and responsibility for the conduct of public policy are shared between the federal government and those of constituent units – states, provinces, cantons and so on – with each level responsible for a set of functions.

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