Experts share views on how governments in India interact
Participants at Delhi event debate merits of India’s intergovernmental relations.
Academics, practitioners and members of civil society from across India gathered in New Delhi recently to explore the issue of intergovernmental relations in India.
The roundtables, part of the Forum’s Global Dialogue Program series on intergovernmental relations, focused on the growing importance of formal mechanisms for intergovernmental interactions in India, the potential for political parties to facilitate intergovernmental relations, fiscal federalism and the role of self-governing institutions such as India’s Inter State Council.
Roundtable participants were particularly interested in how federal bodies in India could become more inclusive, interactive and accountable given increasingly pressing issues such as political diversity, threats to human survival and climate change.
Participants noted that informal executive federalism, the practice of the prime minister getting together with the first minister of each state, has become common practice in India. They emphasized the importance of using formal mechanisms as well.
Experts described how public-private partnerships in India have become an important new method of ensuring development and government service delivery. Civil society organizations have also entered into partnerships with government. At the same time, new international social movements and NGOs have also sprung up alongside globalized businesses.
India’s second house of parliament, called the Rajya Sabha (House of States), represents state legislatures in India. Participants noted that as an indirectly elected body, the Rajya Sabha can only veto constitutional amendments, and there is no formal process for compromise on such amendments through a joint session with the Lok Sabha, the first house of parliament.
The workshop participants concluded that transfers of tax money from the federal government to the states - through India’s Finance Commission - has become the most popular tool of fiscal federalism. Participants noted the tension in this process between poorer states – who want more tax money to compensate for lack of resources – and the richer states, who want more tax money as a reward for better fiscal management.
M. P. Singh, Visiting Professor at National Law University, New Delhi, and Rekha Saxena, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Delhi, coordinated the event, held on Jan. 16, 2009.
Participants included: V N. Alok, Indian Institute of Public Administration; Balveer Arora, Jawarharlal Nehru University; Balakrishnan, Deputy Election Commissioner, Election Commission of India; Rupak Chattopadhyay, Forum of Federations; Bidyut Chakrabarty, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi; Ravi Dhingra, Secretary, Inter-State Council Secretariat (ISCS); V K Duggal, former Home Secretary and Member, Commission on Centre-State Relations; Renuka Jain Gupta, Director, ISCS); B. Jana, Director, ISCS; Rajesh K Jha, Rajdhani College, University of Delhi; Mukul Joshi, Special Secretary and Advisor, ISCS; Veena Kukreja, Department of Political Science,University of Delhi; Madhava Menon, Member, Commission on Centre-State Relations; K Mahesh, Joint Commissioner, VAT, Delhi Administration; Akhtar Majeed, Centre for federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard; Ajay Mehra, Jamia Milia Islamia University; A S Narang, Indira Gandhi Open University; V K Ohri, Criminal Lawyer and Human Rights Activist; Irshad Perwaz, Centre for Federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard; Vijay Shankar, former Director, CBI and Member, Commission on Centre-State Relations; Chanchal Sharma, Kurukshetra University; S.D. Sharma, Consultant, Commission on Centre-State Relations; Ajay K.Singh, Centre for Federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard; Dhirendra Singh, former Home Secretary and Member, Commission on Centre-State Relations; Surendra Singh, former cabinet Secretary, Observer Research Foundation; and Kumar Suresh, Centre for Federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard.