At a Glance:
Year became a federation: 1853
Current constitution in force since: 1994
Head of State: President
Head of Government: President
Our work in Argentina
The Forum has worked with local partners in Argentina since 2001 to organize learning events ranging from a comparative workshop on federalism to a seminar on fiscal responsibility for federations at the end of the economic crisis.
Federalism in Argentina
Democracy returned to Argentina in 1983, following a period of military dictatorship that culminated in the Falklands/Malvinas War of 1982, and federalism returned with it. Since then, Argentina has seen normal tensions between the executive branch and parliament, between its provinces and the federal government.
Argentina’s Federal Pact of 1831 –15 years after independence from Spain - laid the groundwork for the constitution that gave institutional form to the state. Argentina was a representative democracy by the 1890s, although politics remained for the most part the domain of the elites.
In 1930, conservative forces launched a period of authoritarian rule leading to political instability which lasted until 1983. This 53-year era was interrupted by a decade dominated by Juan Domingo Perón, who transformed the working class and its organizations into political players before he was deposed by the military in 1955.
An economic crisis in 2001-02 sparked public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. Néstor Carlos Kirchner from the Peronist party was elected president in 2003 and he was succeeded in 2007 by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.
* Development assistance program countries