At a Glance:
Year became a federation: 1995
Current constitution in force since: 1994
Constituent units: 9 member states/regional states, 2 chartered cities
Head of State: Girma Wolde-Giorgis
Head of Government: Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
Our work in Ethiopia
The Forum has worked with local partners in Ethiopia since 2006 to organize a wide range of learning events. It has also assisted in the creation of a Master of Arts program in federal studies at the University of Addis Ababa. The Government of Ethiopia, with support from the Forum, is holding the Fifth International Conference on Federalism in December 2010.
Federalism in Ethiopia
With more than 80 ethnic communities, ethnicity is the underlying organizing principle of Ethiopia’s federal parliamentary democracy. Article one of the 1996 Ethiopian constitution states that Ethiopia is federal.
The Parliament is made up of the House of Peoples’ Representatives and the House of Federation, whose members are elected either by state councils or popular elections. The highest executive authority in Ethiopia resides in the Prime Minister.
Federal powers deal with issues of national concern, including economic and social development, national standards and policy criteria for health and education, defense, federal police, foreign policy, foreign commerce and immigration
Ethiopia is one of the oldest states in Africa. Haile Selassie became emperor in 1930. Haile Selassie was the emperor from 1930 until 1974, except during a 1936–41 occupation by Italy. Selassie was overthrown in 1974 by the Provisional Military Council, called the Derg, which proclaimed Ethiopia a socialist state. The Derg was in turn overthrown by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in 1991. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has led the country since then.
* Development assistance program countries