At a Glance:

Iraq Cabinet Website [Arabic]

Year became a federation: 2005

Current constitution in force since: 2005

Constituent units: 18 muhafadhat (Arabic) Pârizgah (Kurdish) (English: governorates or provinces)

Head of State: President

Head of Government: Prime Minister [Arabic]

Legislature: Council of Representatives

Kurdistan Regional Government: Kurdistan Regional Government

 

Iraq

 

Our work in Iraq

IraqSince 2005 the Forum has worked with local partners in Iraq to organize learning programs ranging from training more than 70 Iraqi professors of law and political science in the principles and practices of federalism to advising Iraqi constitution drafters and parliamentarians on ways of implementing a federal system.

Federalism in Iraq

The Constitution of Iraq, approved by referendum on 15 October 2005, describes the country as a "democratic, federal, representative republic" and a "multiethnic, multi-religious and multi-sect country."

After the defeat of Saddam Hussein’s government in 2003, an Iraqi interim government was set up in June 2004. A Transitional National Assembly was elected in January 2005 for one year while Iraqis wrote their new constitution.


Since then, four relatively peaceful elections were held for all three levels of the federal government in Iraq – the central government, the provincial councils and the Kurdistan Regional Government.


All central governments since 2004 have been coalitions, bringing together different parties and ethnicities in Iraq.

 


Learning Resources
  • Federalism Course Syllabus (February 2008)
    Available in English and Arabic (DOC)
  • IACFS Presentation - Kincaid (October 2008)
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • UNAMI OCS Presentation - Erbilconf (November 2008)
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Federalism Course Syllabus (August 2007)
    Available in English and Arabic (PDF)
  • Federalism - What is it?
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Context and prerequisites
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • The federal government - Sharing power at the center
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • States, provinces, governorates: Regional governments in a federation
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Road to 2050, Managing Water in Iraq (UNDP Iraq project)
    Bilingual English/Arabic (PPT)
  • Intergovernmental relations
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Introduction to Canada and Canadian federalism
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • South Africa: Reluctant Federalists
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Distribution of Powers Between the Orders of Government
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Fiscal Federalism
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Fiscal Federalism in Iraq: Oil and Gas
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Asymmetrical Federalism in Spain
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Comparative Arab Experiences with Federalism
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Conflict Management and Federalism
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Regions and Governorates In a Federation
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Nigeria's Federal Experience
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Federalism and Judiciary
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)
  • Belgium
    Bilingual English/Arabic (PPT)
  • South Africa's Successful Democratic Transition
    Available in English and Arabic (PPT)

 


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