At a Glance:
Government Portal [Italian]
Year became a federation: N/A
Current constitution in force since: 1946
Constituent units [Italian]: 15 regions plus 5 autonomous regions
Head of State: President
Head of Government: Prime Minister [Italian]
Lower House: Chamber of Deputies
Expert explains Italy’s long road to federalism
Our work in Italy
For many years, the Forum has been working with Italian experts and practitioners of federalism. In 2010 the Forum organized an international conference on federalism in Rome.
Federalism in Italy:
In October 2008, the Italian cabinet gave the green light to the fiscal federalism bill which allows Italy’s regions to collect and spend their own tax revenue. The bill also granted greater autonomy to city and provincial governments.
Italy’s unification into a single nation took place in 1861 when the regional states of the Italian peninsula, plus Sardinia and Sicily, came together as a centralized constitutional monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel II.
An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito Mussolini established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union. It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.
Important steps toward federalism were taken in 2001 when power was given to Italy’s 20 regions to deliver services in health, education and welfare.
* Development assistance program countries