Addressing Internal Market Barriers and Integration

In principle, all federations are committed to a unified internal market in order to promote efficiency and equity across the whole country. However, the priority of this objective and the means by which it has been pursued have varied over time and across federations, as has the degree of success.

The Forum of Federations has launched a comparative project focused on the ways in which internal market barriers have been conceived and addressed in four federations − Canada, the United States, Australia and Switzerland. The European Union has also been included because securing a single market has been so central to the pursuit of European integration and the methods adopted have been highly innovative. Leading specialists have been commissioned to prepare a paper on each of the five jurisdictions. It is clear that the approaches have varied considerably and that there is much to learn from the different histories.

A conference on the theme “Addressing Internal Market Barriers within Federations and the European Union” was held in Toronto on February 1, 2010. The event was organized in cooperation with the C.D. Howe Institute, with assistance from Industry Canada. The papers are currently being revised for publication in a volume that will also include a synthetic chapter on lessons learned from the project.


  • Australia: Cliff Walsh, University of Adelaide
  • Canada: Bill Dymond and Monique Moreau, Centre for Trade Policy and law, Carleton University
  • Switzerland: Thomas Cottier and Matthias Oesch, University of Bern
  • United States: Conrad Weiler, Temple University
  • European Union: Jacques Pelkmans, College of Europe
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