Academics, former elected officials, judges and civil servants from across Australia gathered in Brisbane on March 17, 2008 to explore the various ways in which Australian federalism intersects with issues of diversity. The event was a roundtable of the Forum of Federations’ Global Dialogue series on diversity in federal countries. Although Australia is ethnically diverse, each state in Australia has a similar pattern of diversity. Three aboriginal participants from the Northern Territory called for a voice in government and government programs for indigenous communities outside urban areas. Other participants also discussed another major challenge: the need to provide adequate financing for state and municipal governments. The event was co-ordinated by Dr. Nicholas Aroney of the University of Queensland.