The Forum, in cooperation with the Brazilian government, hosted a conference on federalism held in Brasilia from 9 11 May 2000. The event provided an opportunity for 600 participantsâ€”representatives of the Brazilian government, political officials, foreign experts, scholars, and youthâ€”to discuss federalism in the Brazilian and international contexts. The conference was opened by Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and closed by Vice- President Marco Maciel. Ministers, state governors, senior officials, and parliamentarians from both the government and opposition parties participated in the conference activities. The conference led to the creation of a Brazilian Intergovernmental Working Group to discuss federal-state mechanisms and a joint approach to problem solving.