University officials learn about the basic principals of federalism and fiscal federalism at a Forum workshop on March 26, 2009 in Juba, Sudan.
Representatives from the Forum of Federations recently gave a presentation to university officials in Sudan on the basic principals of federalism and fiscal federalism as they relate to the emergence of a federal system in the conflict-riven country of Sudan.
The Forum’s Director for Africa, Shawn Houlihan, and international fiscal expert Dr. Michael Bell, facilitated the federalism roundtable at the University of Juba.
The 15 participants included the president of the university, Dr. Sibrino Forojalla, and representatives from a number of academic departments and the university’s administration.
Federalism is considered by many to be a necessary element for sustainable peace in the conflict-torn nation of Sudan. But it is not yet well understood by most Sudanese.
Participants at the event raised questions about the rationale and sustainability of local governments in Southern Sudan, the feasibility of decentralizing powers in this nation of 40 million, the implications of over-dependence on one sole revenue source, that of oil; and issues of managing diversity and reconciliation and integration.
Dr. Forojalla requested that the Forum organize similar sessions for a larger audience in the near future.
Sudan has weathered two civil wars in the last 50 years, the last of which led to what has become a severely frayed Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that was signed in December 2005.
The Forum event, which took place on March 26, 2009, was part of the Forum’s Federal Governance and Peace in Sudan program, which is funded by Canada’s Department for Foreign Affairs and International Trade.
The Forum’s director for Africa, Shawn Houlihan, poses with the president of the University of Juba, Dr. Sibrino Forojalla.