The Policy Framework and Intergovernmental Relations

THE POLICY FRAMEWORK ANDINTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS Roles and Relationships Multi-Level Governance Models of Intergovernmental Relations Symmetry and Asymmetry Mechanisms of Intergovernmental Relations THE POLICY FRAMEWORK ANDINTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONSKeith G. BantingForum of Federations October 2001KGB-056Forum of Federations / Forum desfédérations¡ www.forumfed.org ¡ forum@forumfed.orgRoles and RelationshipsMulti-Level Governance Models of Intergovernmental RelationsSymmetry and AsymmetryMechanisms of Intergovernmental RelationsMulti-Level GovernanceCommon pattern of multi-level governanceDetermination of the policy frameworkDelivery of Health servicesProblem of managing intergovernmental relationsModels of Intergovernmental RelationsClassical Federalismtraditional model“overlap and duplication”Shared-Cost Federalismconditional grants (Australia)block grants (Canada)unilateralismJoint Decision-Making Federalismstrong coordination (Germany)danger of paralysisSymmetry and AsymmetryThe Classical Model of Symmetrical RelationsGrowing Pattern of AsymmetryBelgiumSpainUnited KingdomResistance to Formal AsymmetryCanadaMechanisms of Intergovernmental RelationsFormal Intergovernmental Bodiesstrong mechanisms (Germany, Australia)weak mechanisms (Canada, United States)Political Processespolitical parties (Germany, Belgium)intergovernmental political conflictPopulation Health StatusLife Expectancy (1998)Infant Mortality (1998)Australia78.35Belgium77.36Canada79.16Germany77.35United States76.87Average77.86